Is Fluoride Harmful for Your Children?

There is a conversation about the potential benefits/dangers of fluoride on the overall health of children. Excess use of anything might be dangerous. It is a given that fluoride is an important component of maintaining proper dental health. However, there are benefits as well as dangers of using fluoride.

Fluoride is important for a child’s dental health. Mostly, the water you use everyday contains Fluoride. It helps in preventing tooth decay. If the water does not contain fluoride, it is recommended to fulfill these needs by approaching the dentist for prescriptions.

For a child to have a healthy mouth, it is advised to make them use fluoride toothpaste between the ages from 6 months to 16 years. However, it is important to calculate the amount of fluoride given. This may be done by not giving the child fluoride supplements if the water they use contains Fluoride.

Too much Fluoride might create chalky white spots on the teeth of the children, leading to other teeth problems. Having weak bones and loss of weight are also resultants of using high amounts of Fluoride. Studies have suggested there is a risk of cancer and hip fractures if excessive levels of fluoride are present in the body.

The bottom line is that Fluoride plays an important role in good dental health for children. It plays a vital role in making the teeth strong and prevents from diseases. This is the reason why dentists recommend parents to make their children use fluoride toothpaste from a young age. Therefore, fluoride is equally important for your teeth as food and water is for you. It would be better if care were taken at a young age to have a stress free life ahead. As a parent it is your responsibility to talk to your dentist about giving fluoride-based dental care products to your children.

How Dentists Fix Broken Teeth

Perhaps you chipped your teeth by falling on concrete or chewing on some hard candy. While teeth are extraordinarily strong, they can fracture or break due to excess stress. While a minor fracture might not hurt, the nerves inside the tooth may be susceptible to damage if a large piece of the tooth breaks off. Pain caused by a broken tooth can cause discomfort, making it difficult to chew. Rest assured, your dentist can recommend several treatments to fix damaged teeth. These include:

Dental Bonding

Composite bonding is a method for fixing cracked, discolored or decayed teeth. The procedure does not require anesthesia unless bonding is being used for cavities. Your dentist will use conditioning liquid on the tooth which will then be hardened using ultraviolet. The results of composite bonding can last up to 10 years with proper care.


If you have chipped your tooth badly and are having trouble chewing, you may be in need of a crown.  It is among the most common restorative treatments that protects and improves the appearance of the upper portion of the tooth. The crown is a cap that enables damaged tooth to withstand the pressure of chewing.

Root Canal

If you have a crack in your tooth that has resulted in damage to the pulp, you may require a root canal. The process includes clearing out the decayed or damaged tooth matter. A crown is then placed to protect the teeth from further damage. This procedure has a bad reputation of being painful but if it is performed correctly, you will only feel minor discomfort.

These are just a few ways your dentist can fix broken teeth. You can opt for different methods depending on the damage. It all depends on the cause of the break and what your dentist will feel is the best course of treatment.

Understanding the Difference between Night Guards and Mouth Guards

Bruxism is a common teeth grinding and clenching problem. To prevent this habit from damaging the teeth, dentists usually recommend a night guard or a mouth guard to their patients. But what is the difference between a night guard and a mouth guard? Can they serve the same purpose? Can they be used for the same dental problem?

Well, firstly, they are made of different materials and serve different purposes. While a night guard is worn when the person sleeps to prevent teeth grinding, a mouth guard is used by athletes and sportsman to protect their teeth and keep them from accidents during a game, especially in contact sports.

The night guard is made from a thin yet strong material. The size and thickness of the night guard is made in a way that while protecting the teeth, the night guard also allows the person to get undisturbed sleep as it not uncomfortable inside the mouth. The night guard can withstand your teeth grinding while you sleep.

On the other hand, the mouth guard is made with a thicker yet softer material, which can absorb high intensity shocks and impacts when the player falls on his face or collides with other players. The sharp and sudden shock is often strong enough to damage the teeth and this is exactly what the mouth guard is used for.

Mouth guards can also be dyed in different color which means you can get one in your favorite color. Some teams have made mouth guards a part of their uniform with the same color and even logos imprinted on them.

Both the guards are supposed to protect your teeth but different ways and different situations. Therefore, talk to your dentist if you suffer from bruxism or participate in contact sports about the best option for protecting your teeth.

What To Do When Your Child Has a Toothache (Before You Can Head to the Dentist)?

Toothache can be excruciating and unbearable, especially for children who usually have a low resistance to pain. So, by the time the dentist is able to look at your child’s aching tooth, here are a few inexpensive and easy home remedies that you can try to relieve the pain temporarily:

Salt Water Treatment

Table salt is one of the most common household items and has amazing cleansing properties. Making your child gargle with salted water can help alleviate the pain as it rinses away any bacterial presence in the mouth.


Garlic is similar to an anti-biotic and helps prevent bacterial growth that may be attacking your child’s tooth. Simply mash a garlic clove and add a dash of salt to it, and apply the paste to the affected area. You can also pop a clove or two in your child’s mouth and ask him/her to chew. Repeat it two to three times every day.

Hydrogen Peroxide

Just like salt water, hydrogen peroxide also helps clean out an aching area, loosens up debris and provides quick relief. This method is even better than the salt water treatment as the hydrogen peroxide solution attacks the bacterial presence instead of just wiping it away.


Ice helps numb the nerves and provides relief from pain quickly. Simply place a bag of ice cubes on to the acing tooth for about 15 to 20 minutes and wait for the pain to go away.

Keep in mind that all these home remedies are temporary and should not be substituted for professional help. Just because the pain subsides for a while doesn’t mean it won’t come back, so make sure you take your child to the dentist as soon as possible. Only your dentist can offer the ideal treatment solution for your child’s toothache, so don’t delay.

How to Get Your Braces Off Faster

If your teeth are out of shape and don’t look as good as they used to, you may have to get braces, but so many people wish to get them off sooner than their expected time. There are a number of things you can do to help you keep your mouth healthy and assist your braces in doing their as fast as possible.

Watch What You Eat

Keeping a close check on what you eat is an important step to follow in order to ensure fast brace removal. Here are some of the foods you should avoid as much as you can:

  • Gooey or Sticky Foods: These usually include candy bars, gummies or caramels, as they can cling to the brackets and prevent them from working well. Continuous chewing can bend the wires out of shape or prevent teeth from shifting in the right direction.
  • Sodas and Carbonated Drinks: These drinks can deteriorate your dental health and prevent them from moving properly when wearing braces.
  • Hard Foods: Hard foods, like apples, raw vegetables, meat or crunchy bread, can reduce the efficiency of braces if you have the habit of taking large bites.

Care for Your Braces

When you take special care of your mouth, braces and teeth, you automatically quicken the process of taking off your braces. Practice a proper oral hygiene routine with soft-bristled toothbrush and regular flossing.

Don’t Miss Your Appointments

The longer you put off appointments with your dentist, the more time you will have to spend with braces on. So, do not slack on your appointments just because you do not feel like it or have a crammed schedule.

Following these tips indeed requires some effort and self-control, but will definitely be worth it at the end of the day in the form of a bright and beautiful smile in no time.

Understanding the Differences between Removable and Fixed Bridges

When you are making a decision between a fixed and removable dental bridge, it comes down to your personal preference and the options that your dentist offers. An analysis of your remaining bone, teeth, gum tissue, as well as your cheek and lip support will determine the best option for you. In order to help you make this decision, you must rely on the judgment of a professional and reputable dentist and/or a prosthodontist. For your satisfaction, you can consult more than one doctor.

What Are Fixed Dental Bridges?

Fixed dental bridges are non-removable prosthesis of your teeth that will be permanently cemented or screwed on your dental implants. This is a preferable option if you don’t mind not taking out your teeth for cleaning, and are fairly convenient.

What Are Removable Dental Bridges?

Also known as an overdenture, removable dental bridges are designed to clasp on the dental implants. This type of bridge is similar to a traditional denture in design and is a great option for preventing gum and bone loss that is important for both the aesthetics and making sure that the right dimensions are restored.

Difference between a Fixed and Removable Dental Bridge

Removable dental bridges are comparatively more cost-effective than a fixed bridge as the former requires relatively few dental implants. However, both fixed and removable dental bridges will provide you with the feeling of having almost natural teeth since they firmly hold the teeth in place. Additionally, both options are will facilitate you in talking and eating with full confidence and are designed in a way that will give your teeth the most wonderfully natural look.

Before going with either option, do consult with your dentist first. This way, you can choose the option that works best according to your requirements and situation and restoring your teeth.


Foods that Can Help You Fight Bad Breath

Bad breath generally depends on two factors: gastrointestinal health and hygiene. But the culprit in both cases is bacteria. In case your breath has become smelly thanks to cheese, garlic, or too much milky coffee, here are some foods to freshen your mouth.

1.      Citrus Fruits

All vegetables and fruits loaded with Vitamin C, particularly citrus fruits, are powerful antioxidants. Another benefit they offer is that they fight bacteria that cause bad odor in the mouth. Crunchy vegetables and fruits, like carrots, bell peppers and apples, can further help you fight bad breath as they help you get rid of food particles from the mouth.

2.      Unsweetened Tea

Black and Green tea are also good sources of antioxidants that help guard cells from damage caused by carcinogens. As mentioned above, these tea antioxidants also take care of bad breath bacteria in the mouth. But make sure you don’t add sugar or other sweeteners to your tea.

3.      Cinnamon Stick

The essential oil in cinnamon abolishes a nasty kind of oral bacteria and does not let it settle in your mouth. Many people would find it hard to munch on a cinnamon stick. In that case, chewing on a mint gum is also equally effective.

4.      Spinach

Leafy greens are great to munch on and are great for fighting bad breath. Including spinach, basil or parsley in your diet is a great way to get rid of substances that lead to sulfur odor, particularly if you eat smelly foods.

5.      Antioxidant Foods

Other foods that freshen up your breath are probiotic food sources, like plain yogurt. Fresh herbs and vegetables that are high in vitamin C content can also help you reduce the impact of sulfur odor.

6.      Water

Here’s another reason to increase your daily intake of water. In general, water functions as a cleanser and boosts saliva production. By frequently swishing water, you can rid the mouth of food that bacteria thrive on.

You should eat more of these foods if you are dealing with bad breath on a regular basis.

Drinks Which Can Cause Teeth Yellowing

Not every drink that tastes good is beneficial for our teeth. Dentists recommend patients to avoid the consumption of certain beverages in excess as they can cause harmful effects or deteriorate the condition of our teeth. Here is a list of drinks that can cause teeth yellowing.

Coffee and Tea

Anyone who wishes to have pearly white teeth must cut back on his coffee intake. Moreover, tea also stains your teeth so avoid drinking sweetened tea too much.

Sports Drinks

Energy drinks are packed with sugar and acidity. This means they attack tooth enamel and damage your teeth in the long run.


The amount of acid and sugar present in soda or carbonated drinks are sure to wreak havoc on your teeth.


While grapefruit and orange juice is good for your health, the acidity in the juice can permanently spoil your tooth enamel. However, don’t abandon them but restrict your juice intake during the day.


Alcohol may cause your mouth to become dry by reducing saliva production. This can negatively affect your overall dental health.

Stay Away from Dark Beverages

Not surprisingly, other dark beverages, such as dark sauces, red wine, colas, and various fruit juices, such as blueberries, pomegranates and grapes, can cause your teeth to become yellow. These items are high in pigment-producing substances or chromogens that are likely to stick to tooth enamel.

If you consume these sugary or acidic beverages, it is best you do these with a meal. Rinse your mouth using a good mouthwash and never go to sleep without brushing or flossing. Using a straw to drink concentrated juices is also a good way to avoid your teeth from getting exposed to the detrimental effects of these drinks. You can also chew sugar-free gum, or gum with xylitol to minimize any further damage.

So, if you want to retain your pearly whites and keep them healthy, avoid consuming these drinks in excess.

Health Problems Your Poor Dental Health Could Cause

Since the mouth is the gateway to the body, it makes sense it can affect your general health in various ways if not taken care of properly. Studies have found a strong link between poor dental health and major health problems. Here are some of the health hazards that poor oral hygiene can contribute towards:

Cardiovascular Disease:

In short, this refers to heart disease. People with periodontitis (a gum disease that comes with signs, such as swelling and bleeding of gums) are highly likely to experience coronary artery problems in comparison to those who do not.

Furthermore, the bacteria from gum inflammation eventually enter your bloodstream, travel straight to the arteries and cause them to harden. This stiffening of the arteries produces plaque which clings to the inner walls of the arteries and thickens the blood. Thicker blood flows more slowly throughout the body, increasing the risk of stroke or heart attack.


Again, the bacteria from gum infection may travel through the bloodstream or nerve channels in the head and eventually enter the brain, which might result in the development of dementia or Alzheimer’s.

Diabetic Complications:

Periodontal disease and gum inflammation make it difficult to manage blood sugar level and may make your diabetic symptoms even worse.

Respiratory Infections:

Gum disease is often the case of lung infections, including pneumonia, as claimed by the Journal of Periodontology. While the link may not be so clear at first, think about the consequences of continuously breathing in bacteria from diseased gums and teeth over time.

Affected Fertility:

Women with gum disease, who are of childbearing age, get pregnant, on average, after over seven months of trying, as compared to women without gum disease who take five months to conceive.

It is therefore important to practice a proper oral hygiene routine, eat the right foods and keep the body hydrated to avoid the risk of these serious health issues.

Do You Have Sleep Apnea? Your Dentist Can Help

Sleep apnea is a serious sleep disorder where breathing becomes shallow, stops and starts repeatedly. Common symptoms include loud snoring, or feeling exhausted even after having slept a full night. There are three main types of sleep apnea: obstructive, central and complex.

If you are experiencing this sleep disorder, your dentist can be of great help. Since the symptoms of sleep apnea may not always be evident and audible, you may not even realize you have a problem. However, your dentist can detect these less obvious signs just by having a candid conversation with you. Further diagnostic steps that can be taken may involve an examination, and enquiries about your recent discomforts and pains. Your dentist may suspect you have sleep apnea especially if you complain about morning headaches, lethargy, or a dry mouth.

A dentist is usually the first to detect potential health problems and disorders mostly because they are in frequent contact with their patients, unlike a general physician. If your dentist detects signs of sleep apnea, you will be sent to see a sleep medicine specialist who will then assess your condition. If you are diagnosed with the disorder, you will be sent back to your dentist for further treatment.

There are various treatment options for sleep apnea that vary in accordance with the intensity of the problem. If you experience light sleep apnea, you may be asked to change your sleeping habits, sleeping position, lose weight, quit smoking or wear a dental appliance at night to help reposition the tongue and jaw to enhance airflow.

Most dentists receive special training for treating sleep apnea, and are therefore efficient at managing the condition via dental appliances and behavioral modification. However, a verified diagnosis is required from a sleep medicine specialist prior to administering any form of treatment.